Paper: Political guarantees needed before nationwide ceasefire

A briefing paper that came out late October has recommended that political guarantees are necessary "before permanent ceasefire and a nationwide peace can truly be declared."

The 20 page paper, jointly published by Transnational Institute (TNI) and Burma Centrum Nederland (BCN), was distributed at a quiet seminar in Bangkok held last month.

Transnational Institute's logo (TNI)

"There have been too many disappointments and injustices in Burma's past for simple optimism now," reads its page-2.

The suggestion coincided with the 11 point common position by the ethnic armed organizations at the 30 October-2 November Laiza conference, that had called for, among others:
  • Adherence to the Panglong Agreement signed in 1947 that had united the then lowland Burma with the then Frontier Areas
  • Convening a national conference based on the spirit and principles of Panglong
  • Ratification and implementation of the accord reached (at the national conference)
Naypyitaw meanwhile had come up with a draft ceasefire agreement that required, among others, the non-Burman armed opposition to uphold its "3 national causes": Non-disintegration of the Union, Non-disintegration of national Solidarity and Perpetuation of the national sovereignty.
Burma Centrum Nederland' logo (BCN)

The two sides are due to meet in Karen State's Pa-an this month.
Five key elements outlined by the paper are:
  • Nationwide peace and an end to the practice of Separate arrangements
  • Extra parliamentary as well as parliamentary processes to ensure national inclusion
  • A political agreement — or, at the very least, political guarantees — before permanent ceasefires and nationwide peace can truly be declared
  • Transparent and inclusive political talks to make the agreements binding
  • International observation at key stages to ensure that agreements are adhered to by different sides
Burma's Ethnic Challenge: From Aspirations to Solutions can be read in


Allwebsitetools © 2014 Shan Herald Agency for News All Rights Reserved